Development of Political Scenario in Northeast Region of U.S.

Since the orientation of democratic era in the Northeast Region of United States of America, this region was the hub of Republicans. But the start of late twentieth century saw the new political developments resulting in strong coalition of demographic forces in the North that are overwhelmingly Democratic.

The people of eleven states of Northeast region are often known, not only in United States but also around the globe, as inventive, imaginative, shrewd and still hardworking. They have adopted these traits from the early Puritan settlers in Americas. The Northeast has a multicultural orientation with comparatively large immigrant groups, such as, Jewish, Irish, and many other Europeans cultures.

Factors Affecting the Political Affiliations in Northeast Region

The change in political environment occurred due to the increase in the following factions of society:

Catholic Population:

The largest demographic change in the Catholic population occurred with the mass level population migration of Catholics from Europe. The political and human rights awareness in the public of Europe pressed the common men to move to Newly Discovered World of Americas for the religious and political independence. Being the gateway to United States, the North Eastern states became the first destination of Democratic legacy, converting the conservative Republicans into manority. This change was most prominent in the urban areas.

Jewish Part of Democratic Toast:

Similar was the case with Jews who migrated from mainland Europe to the New World in search of religious freedom. Their prime destination was urbanized Northeastern region and still they are major part of population of this region. Jewish population had a democratic temperament and richly added to the Democratic fervor of the region.

Intellectuals in the North East Region: As the artists, educators and intellectuals are, by nature, used to be democrats and freedom loving people, New Jersey, Connecticut and New Hampshire became their prime targeted destinations. As compared to the other parts of the United States, Northeastern region of United States is still most popular and comparatively natural abode for the artistic minded people.

These intellectuals ignitted, what is called; the American Enlightenment, the period of intellectual and philosophical fervor in the 13 American colonies in the 18th to 19th century. The output was the American Revolution and the independence of United States of America. This American Enlightenment is still found in the intellectuals of the Northeast America which has now become an inseparable part of the the culture of Democrats.

Liberal Blue collar Population:

Though the blue collar workers are social conservative in nature but, economically, they are liberals. This is why; they are in majority in at least three aforementioned states of region. As the industrialization of United States initiated from Northeast region, the blue collar workers were frequently welcomed here. With the development of West Coast and the South regions as the new industrial hubs, the blue collar jobs market in the Northeast started to shrink but still the remaining blue collar workers in this area are primarily identified as the emblem of Democratic freedom.

This democratic thoughts and philosophy permeated into the services-based economy when the Northeast started to mingle with the change. Presently, the agriculture, commercial fishing and the forest-based products’ industries still contribute largely to the economy of the region with the generation of more than $103 billion for the National Ex-Checker. But, the services sector, also known as the tertiary sector, is at the third level in three-sector services economy.

In place of industrial production, services sector is now comprised mainly of maintenance & repairs, training & development, education or consulting. Majority of the jobs are found in the housekeeping, tourism, nursing & hospitalization, and education / teaching. By nature, major part of services economy supports the democratic norms and culture.

Role of Business and Economic Policies in Political Scenario

In 1992, Democratic Party advocated and backed the pro-business policies which attracted and drew the upper class white professionals to the Democratic sphere. These professionals were previously Republicans from the era of late 1980s. Particularly, the tax reforms caused the Democrats to have positive change in the 1992 national elections. This was verified from the victory of Democrat Bill Clinton as national President. He was previously Arkansas Governor who won the national contest for Presidency with the 43 percent of the popular and 370 Electoral College votes.

Change in Ideological Differences in Urban and Suburban Areas

Major role has been played in the political overhaul by the softening of differences between population living in the urban and suburban areas in Northeast Region. This softening of the ideologies between city and suburban population worked positively for the Democrats.

As per new definitions, the Northeast is the most urbanized region with 84.0% urban population though this region comprised of only 17.38% population of United States.

Patterns of postwar migration softened, rather weakened the economic power and strength of Northeast Region. Postwar migration caused the relocation of industry from the Northeast to the West Coast and Southern regions. This relocation was due to the less expensive labor, less crowded regions and less unionized labor in those regions.

New Industrial Clusters

Since 1970s, California State began to outshine New York State with the industrial relocation to the West Coast and Southern regions. The simple reasons for such shifting were; less expensive labor available there, with vast land resources, cheaper fuel and many other elements necessary for production. Above all, less crowded availability of land resources and less unionized labor were two of the major reasons. All the available factors makes the West Coast and South as the lucrative options as industrial concentration for the entrepreneurs. Despite the industrial relocation to the new areas, the New York still occupies the place of richest city in the nation with the per capita personal income of U.S. $78,089 in Year 2022.

But, the California State appeared as the most populous State by 1994 when Texas State pushed the New York State to the third place by population in Nation. It happened due to the arrival of new cheap, less expensive and less unionized Latin American immigrants from the border crossings of Arizona, Texas, California and New Mexico, converted these states into the major manufacturing areas of United States.

Though the New York lost the center of gravity for the industrial production hub, it emerges as the sophisticated service oriented economy. Now, the large cities of New York, Boston and Philadelphia led the nation as the center of service economies.

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