Whole the World was shocked to see the UK voters coming out on historic Thursday 23 June, 2016, and voting to leave the European Union by 51.9% but 48.1% voted contrary to it. Immediate reaction came from stock indices, from around the globe, most of them felt a deep jerk but worse was the Pound which is, till today, remains around 15% lower to the Dollar while 10% down to the Euro.
Immediately after the initial countdown in favor of the Brexit, the David Cameron resigned, and the Theresa May moved in to 10 Downing Street as the Premier. She triggered the Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty on March 29, 2017 which meant; the UK is set to leave the EU on Friday, March 29, 2019. To get the date extended, all the 28 EU members need to be agreed on it.
And British Voters Looks to be Rethinking the Brexit
Then, suddenly, Theresa May surprised everyone after the Easter Bank Holiday and declared general elections to be held on Thursday, 8 June 2017 instead of the scheduled elections in 2020. She thought that what the government needs was fresh mandate to get with the negotiations for the Brexit.
But, the gambling game by Premier May backfired and the ruling party lost its majority in Parliament. So, the Tories had to make partnership to form the minority government with Northern Irish party, the Democratic Unionists, which has 10 MPs in the Parliament.
So, it become clear that the British voters have changed their mind and are looking for the changed scenario in the Brexit.
So, after the different coalition in Whitehall, the British government insisting on the ‘No Problems’ ahead, but experts at the Whitehall have different approach. Experts are foretelling about the numerous issues which need to be settled even before the start of the negotiations on Brexit.
The professional negotiators are of the view that the ministers looks to be either unaware of the complexities or are just ignoring them. The foremost concerns for the specialists are; airline safety rules, medical facilities, animal welfare, security issues, international trade, global donor agencies and so on.
Trade & Commerce
Trade is the realm and back bone of freedom and sovereignty. There are good indications that the governmental ministers seems to be taking onus for the trade. After the reappearance of the trade barriers between the EU28 countries, trade between the UK and EU27 will almost stop to standstill. So, there is a need to enter into the trade agreements between the other blocks, such as the Australasia, Americas, the Common Wealth countries, Pacific and the Atlantic region countries.
The ministers looks to be active in this regard but still more active trade partnership formation is required much before the Brexit.
How will UK solve its energy market issues will be first and one of the major problem immediately after the Brexit in 2019. While UK is importing more energy from EU, what will be its forthcoming implications.
How will the UK remain in the EU’s internal energy market post-Brexit as it looks to import more energy from the EU, and what are the implications if it doesn’t? What about the Emissions Trading System? Patents and intellectual property rights? Food standards? Medicine approvals? Europol? The list goes on and on.
Airlines Domain of Issues
The first issue is about the airlines industry and its ensuing issues before the Brexit in 2019. For example, after UK leaving the Open Skies Agreement, the UK airlines, like the EasyJet needs to be set up in the remaining EU27 after Brexit. On the other hand, the Ryanair may feel the need to move its planes to the EU27 countries.
Currently, UK does not own its certification for the maintenance facilities, provided the European Aviation Safety Agency is quit.
Medical and the Medical Euratom Treaty
The one more worrying issue may become the Euratom Treaty and the supply of the medical isotopes for the cancer treatment. UK relies, heavily, upon the Eurotom and it may require a huge investment to come out of the jurisdiction of European Court of Justice. Or whole the cancer treatment may fall abruptly. Medicine patents, medicines approvals and many other related matters needs to be addressed, essentially.
Work needed for the Custom IT System
It may not be possible to erect and function upon the new custom IT system in the country, in short time, in order to keep the IT system working, smoothly.
Non-Governmental Aspects of the Brexit
And one more zone of apprehension is international development, such as, UK NGOs, their working styles & freedom and mainly their funding. One such example is the Oxfam, as it would not be eligible for the EU grants and funding as only NGOs from the EU states and their partners will be eligible to enjoy grants from EU. The developing countries will have to suffer a lot as they might have smaller pool of cooperation and the assistance from the UK NGOs.
The list goes longer and longer till almost indefinite. The issues needs to be addressed and thought upon, quickly and urgently, as without their solution at our end, we will not be able to conduct good level of negotiations.